Arugula (Eruca sativa) is an edible annual plant also commonly known as Roquette, and it looks like a long-leaved, open lettuce. Arugula should be planted during the cooler months, and it is very easy to establish in the garden using fresh seeds.
Arugula has a rich, peppery taste and an exceptionally pungent flavor that makes it ideal to use in salads and/or combined with other greens in a Mesclun mixture. It is also used raw with pasta or meats, and can be cooked as a leafy green vegetable. In addition to its leaves, the flowers (often used in salads as an edible garnish), the young seed pods, and the mature seeds are all edible. Arugula is rich in vitamin C and potassium.